Sweeteners, Humectants, Antifoaming & Bulking Agents E900-E1520

Sweeteners are added to foods for flavouring. Sweeteners other than sugar are added to keep the food energy (calories) low, or because they have beneficial effects for diabetes mellitus and tooth decay.

Antifoaming agents reduce or prevent foaming in foods while bulking agents such as starch are additives that increase the bulk of a food without affecting its nutritional value and taste.

Number Name Comments
E900 Dimethyl polysiloxane silicone based
E901 Beeswaxes glazing agent, used to wax fruit; see bee products; occasionally causes allergic reactions
E903 Carnauba wax derived from a South American palm; used in cosmetics and inks, and to wax fruit;
occasionally causes allergic reactions
E904 Shellac derived from insects; occasionally causes irritations of the skin
E905 Paraffins, Microcrystalline wax may inhibit absorption of fats and fat soluble vitamins, mild laxative, there may be a link to bowel cancer; used on sweets, in processing yeast, vitamin tablets, dried fruit, confectionary, collagen
E907 Refined microcrystalline wax avoid it, banned in some countries
E913 Lanolin derived from sheep wool
E920 L-Cystein flour treatment agent derived from animal hair and chicken feathers
E921 L-Cystin see E920
E924 Potassium bromate large quantities can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, pain. Typical products are flour products
E925 Chlorine destroys nutrients, carcinogen, in some areas tab water is contaminated with it, to make it 'safer' to drink. Typical products are flour products
E926 Chlorine dioxide well.....basically see 925
E927 Azodicarbonamide avoid it, banned in some countries
E928 Benzoyl peroxide approved by FDA* for bleaching the carotenoids in refined flours; asthmatics and people with a history of allergies BEWARE, see 210
E931 Nitrogen used in freezing and vacuum packing; seems safe
E932 Nitrous oxide seems quite safe in small quantities
E950 Acesulphane potassium ?
E951 Aspartame artificial sweetener, too many adverse effects possible to list, some people are allergic to aspartame, migraine headaches a common reaction in these people
E952 Cyclamic acid calcium & sodium cyclamate, artificial sweetener; known to cause migraines and other reactions, can be carcinogenic, caused damage to rats testicles and mouse embryos in tests, banned in the US and UK due its links with cancer
E954 Saccharines calcium & sodium saccharin; artificial sweetener derived from toluene (a known carcinogen); banned in 1977 in the US, but reinstated subject to strict labelling starting: "Use of this product may be hazardous to your health, this product contains saccharin which has been determined to cause cancer in laboratory animals"
E957 Thaumatin artificial sweetener, a protein derived from the tropical plant Thaumococcus danielli; used to sweeten wines, bread and fruit
E9120 Maltitol, Hydrogenated glucose syrup humectant, starch decomposed with digestive enzymes; used in confectionery, dried fruits, low-joule foods; laxative in high concentrations
E967 Xylitol humectant, found in raspberries, plums, lettuce and endives, though produced for commercial purposes from wood pulp; caused kidney stones and a diuretic effect on test rats: a waste of time and the lives of the rats, for the JEFCA in 1983 ruled the tests invalid in relation to humans, the symptoms caused by 'physiological disturbances' in the rats!, we can only imagine what conditions led to upset rats; used in low-joule foods and carbohydrate modified sweets, ice-cream and jams
E999 Quillaia extract foaming agent, emulsifier, natural surfactant; derived from Chilean soap bark tree (Quillaia Saponaria); used in beer and soda; known to promote healing and reduce excessive oiliness in the skin
E1100 Amylase derived from mould mushroom or pig pancreas
E1200 Polydextrose seems safe in small doses
E1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone dispersing agent, coating for tablets; used in artificial sweeteners
E1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone clarifying agent for wine, colour and colloidal stabiliser
E1400-E1450 Starches no known adverse effects
E1505 Triethyl acetate part becomes alcohol in the body
E1510 Ethanol alcohol
E1517, E1518 Glycerol acetates humectants and solvent derived from glycerol; used to coat fresh fruit in the US
E1520 Propylene glycol humectants, wetting agent, dispersing agent, petroleum based; its glycerine like taste has made it popular for children's medications and other elixirs; used in many topical creams and ointments, cosmetics, hair products and deodorants; has been linked with fatal heart attacks (when given intravenously), central nervous system depression and cosmetic or pharmaceutical contact dermatitis

* Hyperactive Children Support Group (HACSG)
** Food and Drug Administration (U.S.)

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